Spasticity is a medical concept, which means that the paralytic arms and legs are both painful, cramped and resistant to passive movements. This condition can sometimes occur after head or spinal cord trauma, and sometimes after a congenital disorder. Over time, high doses of muscle relaxant drugs given several times a day to relieve these symptoms may cause side effects such as dizziness, swelling in the legs, urinary incontinence, dizziness, increased sleep, headache, memory impairment, excessive drooling, nausea, vomiting and weakness. In this case, a medicine pump is implanted in the patient.
In patients who are known to benefit from medication but cannot use it due to the side effects of the high dose, and of course those with the intelligence level sufficient for rehabilitation; we first do a test by giving the medication directly to the spinal cord, which is the origin of the spasticity and the drug’s effect. If the patient has obvious benefit (and this group of patients constitute half of the total), then we install a drug pump under the patient’s skin; which can be programmed, recharged and controlled from outside and filled with a needle every few months. These drug pumps are high-tech devices.
As a result, especially the stiffness of the legs is decreased in at least two thirds of the patients; thus, a significant improvement in the quality of life can be achieved.