Hydrocephalus therapy is the treatment in which the extreme cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is collected by a pediatric neurosurgeon specialist; that is, diversion of CSF into a body cavity through a thin tube with a high-tech pump over it, running under the skin, a shunt with its medical name. Of course, these shunt devices may become clogged over time, or they may need to be replaced with longer ones as the baby grows. So this operation may be done again and again.
Sometimes a pediatric neurosurgeon may remove the obstruction (tumor, cyst) that blocks the CSF circulation or enter the baby’s brain with an endoscope to open the obstructed fluid flow pathways; that is, an operation called endoscopic third ventriculostomy. If your pediatric surgeon’s specialist recommends an operation for your child, be quick to decide; remember that the time you lose is lost from your baby’s intelligence.