As the signs of lumbar disc hernia – together with recurrent back pain and the increase in its frequency, severity and duration – pain radiating down to the legs may as well be added to the complaints over time. This is also called sciatic pain. Sciatic is the name of the thick nerve that goes out of the lumbar spinal bone, passes behind the hip; and descends down behind the leg. Radiculopathy is the group of complaints characterized by “tingling”, “numbness”, “loss of power”, “paralysis onset” or “loss of touch sense” together with pain spreading to the back of the hip resulting from the compression of this nerve.
The pain in the leg may be unilateral or bilateral. It may be burning pain or sharp pain and it may be in the form of contraction or stretching of the leg. Pain is exacerbated in the event of coughing, sneezing, or defecation. Walking a short distance in some patients can be almost impossible because of severe painful contractions on the legs. At night legs can get cramps. If complaints such as urinary incontinence or apparent loss of leg strength are added to these problems without straining the mentioned areas, the event is an emergency; and if you do not undergo surgery within 48 hours the condition may recover in more than a year or may not even improve at all.