In the procedures with the medical terms “laparoscopic surgery”, “endoscopic discectomy”, “minimally invasive disc surgery”, “nucleoplasty”, “ozone injection”, “laser discectomy”, “hydrodisectomy” and “annuloplasty” which are known to the public as “bloodless surgery”, “closed surgery” or “surgery without surgery”; the patient’s skin is not cut, ie it is only punctured by a needle and the operation is performed through this needle hole under x-ray control using fluoroscopy.
When applying the aforementioned methods, it is natural that the costs of using such advanced technology systems are higher than those for other types of operations. However, the risk is low when they are made in experienced hands.
During these procedures, the patient is kept awake; that is, the patient is not anesthetized. The patient is operated upon while awake by using local anesthetics. In this way, the patient does not have to stay overnight in the hospital; meaning that after a few hours from the procedure, he or she can immediately get up and walk painlessly; and can return to active life within two weeks.