In case of neck spine surgery, the surgeon who will treat you will decide which type of surgery is necessary. However, the first choice is almost always what the folks call “bloodless surgery, closed surgery, laser surgery” and doctors call “minimal interventional surgery”; meaning procedures like “endoscopic discectomy “, ” laparoscopic discectomy “, “nucleooplasty”, “intradiscal electrotherapy”, “laser discectomy” which can be done with very low risk, and without anesthesia through small holes in the skin.
Patients whose symptoms cannot be treated by these methods may require undergoing more serious surgeries called by the folks “open surgery”; ie, those performed under anesthesia and by cutting the patient’s skin. These are “microsurgery”, which is performed with a small risk through very small incisions in the patient’s skin, and “fusion surgery”, a much more serious operation in which painful spine bones are mechanically fused to each other.
In recent years, “prosthetic surgery” as called by the folks and “movement preserving surgery” among physicians can also be done by experienced surgeons in developed centers, using instruments allowing some movement; an operation that does not prevent the active life of young people and prevents further issues in later ages.