The pituitary is a small but important organ at the base of the brain that controls whole body through various hormones it secretes. Of course, as in all other organs; tumors may develop in the pituitary gland and these are called pituitary adenomas. Pituitary tumors are not cancer, this means that they do not skip to other organs and metastasize; however, they can lead to very serious diseases with adverse effects on hormones.
Pituitary tumors can often be controlled by medicines, which stop their growth and even minimize them; however, they may need to be surgically removed as they may blind the patient by compressing the nearby nerve at the time of their growth or may cause life-threatening damage to the brain’s main blood vessels. These usually do not require the conventional brain surgery operation, that is, opening of the skull; they can be removed by experienced neurosurgeons by microsurgery or endoscopic surgery, with a lower risk rate and without compromising the quality of life of the patient.