Although death rates have decreased dramatically in traffic accidents due to improved health services and vehicle safety measures; spine fracture rates are higher, especially as the speed of the vehicles have increased. As a result of the increase in average human life, the victims of these accidents can also be elderly patients. In older ages, osteoporosis is another cause of spine fractures, especially in women.
If these fractures are due to bone loss in elderly people and they occur due to very simple falls; it is possible to repair the spinal bone by inflating a balloon in it and filling this space with bone cement, ie “kyphoplasty” or “vertebroplasty”, correction by closed surgery. However, it should be remembered that such operations should be performed within the first few months after the trauma, before it becomes permanent.
In the case of spinal cord or nerve compression associated with these fractures, the condition of the patient can be worsened. If this is the case, then you have to find an experienced neurosurgeon beside the orthopedicians who treat these fractures. Sometimes patients with severe and fragmented spinal fractures need to be ambulated as soon as possible; thus it is inevitably necessary to make “fusion surgery” or “instrumentation surgery” as the folks call it. Patients with associated fractures in the hip or tailbone need to be operated by experienced teams.